APHOTOMARINE

An educational resource dedicated mainly to the photography
and diversity of marine life that is found in the coastal waters
and rockpools of south-west England. Images by David Fenwick.

Sponge Images (Phylum Porifera)
Sponges are extremely complex and very hard to identify in the field with any certainty. Whilst every effort is taken to make sure the identities are correct, this might not always be the case. Please E-mail to report any mistakes or opinions.

Calcarea (Class)

Calcaronea (Subclass) > Baerida (Order) > Baeriidae (Family)

Leuconia
Leuconia nivea (Grant, 1826) - A Sponge

Calcaronea (Subclass) > Leucosolenida (Order) > Grantiidae (Family)

Grantia
Grantia compressa (Fabricius, 1780) - Purse sponge

Calcaronea (Subclass) > Leucosolenida (Order) > Leucosoleniidae (Family)

Leucosolenia
Leucosolenia complicata (Montagu, 1818) - A Sponge
Leucosolenia botryoides (Ellis & Solander, 1786)
- Orange pipe sponge

Leucosolenia variabilis (Haeckel, 1870) ? - A Sponge

Calcaronea (Subclass) > Leucosolenida (Order) > Sycettidae (Family)

Sycon
Sycon ciliatum (Fabricius, 1780) - Ciliated sponge

Calcinea (Subclass) > Clathrinida (Order) > Clathrinidae (Family)

Clathrina
Clathrina coriacea (Montagu, 1814)
- An Encrusting sponge -1

Clathrina coriacea (Montagu, 1814)
- An Encrusting sponge -2

Demospongiae (Class)

Astrophorida (Order) > Geodiidae (Family)

Pachymatisma
Pachymatisma johnstonia (Bowerbank in Johnston, 1842)
- Elephant hide sponge

Chondrosida (Order) > Halisarcidae (Family)

Halisarca
Halisarca dujardinii Johnston, 1842 - A Sponge

Dendroceratida (Order) > Darwinellidae (Family)

Aplysilla
Aplysilla rosea (Barrois, 1876) - An Encrusting sponge
Aplysilla sulfurea Schulze, 1878 - An Encrusting sponge

Dictyoceratida (Order) > Dysideidae (Family)

Dysidea
Dysidea fragilis (Montagu, 1818) - An Encrusting sponge
Dysidea pallescens (Schmidt, 1862) ?
- An Encrusting sponge

Hadromerida (Order) > Clionaidae (Family)

Cliona
Cliona celata Grant, 1826 - Yellow boring sponge

Hadromerida (Order) > Polymastiidae (Family)

Polymastia
Polymastia boletiformis (Lamarck, 1815) - A sponge
Polymastia penicillus (Montagu, 1814) ? - A sponge

Hadromerida (Order) > Suberitidae (Family)

Protosuberites
Protosuberites denhartogi van Soest & de Kluijver, 2003
- An Encrusting sponge

Pseudosuberites
Pseudosuberites sulphureus (Bowerbank, 1866)?
- An Encrusting sponge

Suberites
Suberites carnosus (Johnston, 1842) - A Sponge
Suberites ficus (Johnston, 1842) Group
- Sea orange, Sulphur or Fig sponge -1

Suberites ficus (Johnston, 1842) Group
- Sea orange, Sulphur or Fig sponge -2

Suberites lutea Sole-Cava & Thorpe, 1986 ? - A Sponge

Terpios
Terpios gelatinosa (Bowerbank, 1866) syn. T. fugax
- Blue encrusting sponge

Halichondrida (Order) > Halichondriidae (Family)

Halichondria
Halichondria (Halichondria) panicea (Pallas, 1766)
- Breadcrumb sponge or Crumb-of-bread sponge

Hymeniacidon
Hymeniacidon perlevis (Montagu, 1818) syn. H. perleve
- A Sponge

Haplosclerida (Order) > Haplosclerina (Suborder) > Chalinidae (Family)

Haliclona
Haliclona (Haliclona) simulans (Johnston, 1842) ?
- A Sponge

Haliclona species possibly Haliclona (Rhizoniera) indistincta (Bowerbank, 1866) - An Encrusting sponge

Heteroscleromorpha (Subclass) > Axinellida (Order) > Axinellidae (Family)

Axinella
Axinella damicornis (Esper, 1794) ? - A sponge

Heteroscleromorpha (Subclass) > Axinellida (Order) > Raspailiidae (Family) > Raspailiinae (Subfamily)

Eurypon
Eurypon species possibly
Eurypon major SarĂ  & Siribelli, 1960 - A Sponge

Raspailia
Raspailia (Raspailia) ramosa (Montagu, 1814) ?
- A Sponge

Demospongiae (Class) > Heteroscleromorpha (Subclass) > Tethyida (Order) > Tethyidae (Family)

Tethya
Tethya citrina SarĂ  & Melone, 1965
- A Tethyid sponge

Demospongiae (Class) > Heteroscleromorpha (Subclass) > Poecilosclerida (Order) > Esperiopsidae (Family)

Amphilectus
Amphilectus fucorum (Esper, 1794) ?
- Shredded carrot sponge

Demospongiae (Class) > Heteroscleromorpha (Subclass) > Poecilosclerida (Order) > Hymedesmiidae (Family)

Phorbas
Phorbas plumosus (Montagu, 1814) ? - A Sponge

Demospongiae (Class) > Heteroscleromorpha (Subclass) > Poecilosclerida (Order) > Microcionidae (Family) > Microcioninae (Subfamily)

Clathria (Microciona)
Clathria (Microciona) atrasanguinea (Bowerbank, 1862)
- An Encrusting sponge

Poecilosclerida (Order) > Microcionina (Suborder) > Microcionidae (Family) > Ophlitaspongiinae (Subfamily)

Ophlitaspongia
Ophlitaspongia papilla Bowerbank, 1866
- An Encrusting sponge

Poecilosclerida (Order) > Myxillina (Suborder) > Hymedesmiidae (Family)

Hymedesmia
Hymedesmia (Hymedesmia) jecusculum
(Bowerbank, 1866) - A Sponge

Hymedesmia
Hymedesmia (Stylopus) sp. - A Sponge

Phorbas
Phorbas fictitius (Bowerbank, 1866) - A Sponge

Homoscleromorpha (Class)

Homosclerophorida (Order) > Oscarellidae (Family)

Oscarella
Oscarella species (1) Skilly, Newlyn. 17.06.15.
Oscarella species (2) Skilly, Newlyn. 17.06.15.
Oscarella species (3) Albert Pier, Penzance. 24.07.16.
Oscarella species (4) Fistral, Newquay 14.09.14.
Oscarella species (5) Spit Point, Par. 05.03.10.

Sponges to Identify

European Names - Sponges, Schwamme, Sponsen, Eponges, Esponjas, Spugne.

For more information and images of sponges visit 'Sponges of Britain and Ireland' or 'Marlin' websites.

Sponge Porifera Images UK